Most of the countries on the other side were allied in the Warsaw Pact most powerful country was the Soviet Union. Background[ change change source ] The start of the Cold War in was due to a belief that all governments would become either communist or capitalist. The Western allies feared that the Soviet Union would use force to expand its influence in Europe, and was especially concerned that Soviet agents had obtained information on making the Atom Bomb after the war.
Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb. The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States. To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending.
Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II. In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high.
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan.
Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere. The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on World war ii and cold war domestic life as well.
People built bomb shelters in their backyards. They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures.
In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U.
Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well.
In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.
More than people lost their jobs.
Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted.
The Cold War Abroad The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option.
Truman sent the American military into Korea, but the war dragged to a stalemate and ended in Other international disputes followed. In the early s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere.
However, what was intended to be a brief military action spiraled into a year conflict. The Close of the Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon began to implement a new approach to international relations. To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there inbegan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing.
Inhe and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT Iwhich prohibited the manufacture of nuclear missiles by both sides and took a step toward reducing the decades-old threat of nuclear war. Like many leaders of his generation, Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere.
As a result, he worked to provide financial and military aid to anticommunist governments and insurgencies around the world.
This policy, particularly as it was applied in the developing world in places like Grenada and El Salvador, was known as the Reagan Doctrine. Soviet influence in Eastern Europe waned. Inevery other communist state in the region replaced its government with a noncommunist one.
In November of that year, the Berlin Wall—the most visible symbol of the decades-long Cold War—was finally destroyed, just over two years after Reagan had challenged the Soviet premier in a speech at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin:World War 2 and the Cold War Interactive Notebook This download features 21 Interactive Notebook pages on World War 2 and the Cold War.
These creative, engaging Interactive Notebook pages include graphic organizers, creative foldables, timelines, and more! The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.), Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (), and Southeast Europe from 22 June to 9 May It has been known as the Great Patriotic War (Russian: ru:Великая.
British statesman and leader before and during World War II; powerful speechmaker who rallied Allied morale during the war he rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; led the British during World War II; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
At the end of World War II, the Russian military occupied Eastern Europe, and maintained such until the 's.
This Union was called the USSR, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Although it is unknown why this occupation occurred, these countries are rich in . World War II (WWII or WW2), also called the second World War and, in the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War, was a global war involving fighting in many parts of the world and many srmvision.com countries fought in the years – but some started fighting in Most of the world's countries, including all the great powers, fought as part of two military alliances: the Allies and.
The Cold War () represented a series of localized conflicts and intense diplomatic rivalries between camps led by the capitalist .