A standard is formal document that describes established norms, methods, processes, and practices.
Conclusion What is green purchasing? One of the easiest ways to positively impact the environment is through your purchasing decisions.
This document is intended to be a guide for developing environmentally preferable purchasing habits as a routine practice while conducting everyday business at the University.
Green Purchasing refers to the procurement of products and services that have a reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose.
This comparison can consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, and disposal of the product or service.
Green purchasing is also known as environmentally preferred purchasing EPPenvironmentally responsible purchasing, green procurement, affirmative procurement, eco-procurement, and environmentally responsible purchasing.
UCSC is committed to continuous improvement in procuring environmentally preferable products, promoting sustainable practices, managing energy consumption and considering sustainability in all activities. This guide is to be used by UCSC requestors and end users of products and services in an effort to: Reduces costs and improves the campus environment; For example: Paper and cardboard taken from the on campus recycle bins is recycled into new products.
Recycling the material saves the campus tipping fees at the landfill. Strengthens markets for recyclable material. Recycling is more than just placing certain materials in a special bin.
The recycling loop is complete only when materials that you have separated for recycling are processed and remanufactured into new products, which are then sold. Recycling works only when consumers, businesses and organizations buy products made with recycled material. Economic analysis shows that recycling can generate three times as much revenue per ton as landfill disposal and almost six times as many jobs.
How Recycling Works, by Ed Grabianowski, published in howstuffworks. Using safer cleaning products can help protect the health of campus our campus community from the staff the use the cleaning products to the students and employees that occupy the space.
GreenGuard and Green Seal enable consumers to quickly identify and choose products that are safer to use.
Saves Energy by promoting the purchase of energy conserving products. This adds up to a savings of 1 million tons of paper, enough to save an estimated 20 million trees! This guide is not intended to discourage you from buying the things you need to perform your work here at the University, but rather to present information that may assist you in making informed, empowered purchasing decisions.
Therefore, before you buy, consider the following:Where you are in the product life cycle dictates the marketing and customer segmentation strategy. With discontinuous innovations different marketing strategies are called for at different stages of the technology life cycle to ensure that the product reaches a mass market (see Section ).
Its a claim that tells something unique about your product, who it's for, and by implication, that Lotus can't do it. Return to Contents Developing and Managing Products To compete effectively and achieve goals of an organization, the organization must be able to adjust its product mix.
The three ways utilized by BMW to manage its product life cycle is coming up with enhancements in existing products, making new markets existing products and coming up with new products in the same class to replace the old products. Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, development and marketing of newly created or .
The industry soon entered the growth phase of its life cycle. "The growth phase of the industry life cycle begins once there is a move towards a particular “industry standard”. The market grows as consumers gain more knowledge about the product. Economies of scale in . Sales management is the process of developing a sales force, coordinating sales operations, and implementing sales techniques that allow a business to consistently hit, and even surpass, its sales targets.
If your business brings in any revenue at all, a sales management strategy is an absolute must.