Socrates is revered for his shifting of Greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human life and its problems. He was the first to study ethics as a science—that is, to study morality in a systematic, consistent manner.
Socrates is revered for his shifting of Greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human life and its problems.
He was the first to study ethics as a science—that is, to study morality in a systematic, consistent manner. Scholars have noted that the impact of Socrates on the development of Western culture and philosophy cannot be overstated, and some have suggested that his teachings influenced the development of Christianity.
After his death, and perhaps before it, his followers began to record details of his life and thought, but these are arguably more interpretive in nature than they are biographical.
Therefore, one of the greatest debates surrounding Socrates is that of the accuracy and validity of the Socratic sources, primarily the writings of Xenophon and Plato.
Socrates was born in B. He was a student of a physicist, Archelaus, and was perhaps interested in the philosophy of Anaxagoras. He is believed to have lived on a small inheritance and on investments made through a wealthy friend.
Socrates served in the army, fought in the Peloponnesian War, and married a woman named Xanthippe, who bore two or three sons, sources say. When Socrates was 70 years old, he was accused of "irreligion," or impiety, and of corrupting the youth of Athens.
Yet their respective accounts differ markedly. In addition to the records of Xenophon and Plato, Aristophanes ridiculed Socrates in one of his comedies, Clouds B.
Xenophon has been criticized by scholars such as E. Zeller for the simple and unphilosophic manner in which Socrates is depicted. Others, such as J. Rogers has argued that preference for Xenophon stems from the distrust of Plato, who may have created his version of Socrates as a mouthpiece for his own philosophy.
Yet Rogers has gone on to caution that Xenophon is an apologist and should not be trusted more than Plato. Dubs has supported the case for Plato and has suggested that Xenophon may have gotten some of his information about Socrates from Plato.
Plato, Dubs stressed, would have only made Socrates utter what would have been "thoroughly appropriate" for Socrates to say. Hackforth, have maintained that criticism of Xeno-phon is too harsh, and that while Xenophon may have not been sufficiently interested in philosophy to do justice to the portrayal of Socrates, Plato was too much involved in his subject matter to be objective.
Critics such as Luis Navia have suggested ways in which these apparently contradictory accounts may be reconciled. The concepts of knowledge, virtue, and goodness are intertwined in the philosophy of Socrates. He taught that "virtue is knowledge"; that the aim of a good man is to care for his soul; and that to care for the soul is to make oneself as wise as possible—that is, to attain knowledge, or virtue.
Norman Gulley has examined the concept of "the good" by reviewing the role of goodness in the political and religious views of Socrates. Guthrie has discussed the various ways that the idea that virtue is knowledge was interpreted by Xenophon, Plato, and Aristotle.
Related to such discussions of the nature of virtue, knowledge, goodness, and the soul, is the concept of wrongdoing. Taylor has explained, Socrates taught that virtue is identical to knowledge and that vice is, in all cases, the result of ignorance, or intellectual error, so that wrongdoing is always involuntary.
Vlastos has identified five Socratic principles related to injustice and has discussed each one in detail. Vlastos also has noted that the Socratic view that one should never do injustice in return for injustice marks a significant break with established Greek views on morality, but the critic has also pointed out that Socrates does not treat the issue of injustices done to social inferiors women, aliens, slaves in the Greek world.Apr 17, · The Great Philosopher.
According to Spengler, Werner, Helps, Atkinson and Rogers () every culture tends to vary from different periods.
However, many philosophers have different arguments on culture in various time periods (Zeller & Alleyne, ). Socrates even taught Plato another great philosopher. This great philosopher lived in the fifth century B.C. Socrates was wrongly accused and sentenced to death, but his knowledge lives on.
Socrates was born around B.C. Socrates was born into a poor family. Socrates: A Great Philosopher Essay - Socrates, Born BC, a young yet noble Greek philosopher. Socrates was credited with laying out the principles of modern Western philosophy but was best known for Socratic Irony and the Socratic Method.
Dec 14, · Socrates was a great philosopher of the Greek world. He was quite an atypical and distinctive person. Being different from all the other philosophers of the land, Socrates was teaching his students ideas totally out of the ordinary from what the society believed was right.
Essay on The Great Socrates - Socrates was a great Greek philosopher (Athenian) around BC – BC. He is known as one of the most important figures and one of the founders of European philosophy. Socrates: A Great Philosopher Essay - Socrates, Born BC, a young yet noble Greek philosopher.
Socrates was credited with laying out the principles of modern Western philosophy but was best known for Socratic Irony and the Socratic Method.