Likewise, both men believed in logically deciphering what was righteous and moral. But the basis for truly understanding them lies in understanding their differences.
Aristotle and Emmanuel Kant were two philosophers who tried, and somehow succeeded, in solving complex ethical dilemmas. These two philosophers wrote theories about different human actions, and tried to explain the ethical thing to do in certain situations.
While Kant, observed obligation and duty from a law perspective, Aristotle envisioned on the aim of life. Their unique points of view towards human behavior offer different answers to the question of good.
Despite having many differences, Kant and Aristotle, a host of similar ideas binds them together. Both of them were always optimistic, always believing that all human beings are ethical naturally.
Both of them also always applied the concept of reason. In addition, they encouraged people to live and act well by employing good character and virtuous behavior. Both of these philosophers believed in the concept of self-actualization, which refers to being and living the best a person can be.
To them, an ethical, human being must be responsible for his or her actions, and ethical. Every human being has an obligation to the world and towards a certain society.
The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast the ethical theories of Kant and Aristotle. The paper will also highlight which of the two theories is superior and why.
Teleological ethics means that ethics has a purpose or a reason. Aristotle emphasized the doctrine of the mean highly; always citing that there is a need to maintain a balance in everything a person does or says. In addition, Aristotle theorized that happiness is the main goal of the human race and discussed the notion that people develop virtuous habits in order to build good character.
Aristotle in his theories explained the way that reaching individual potential, acting well and living well ultimately leads to happiness McKeon Aristotle theorized that people should be always basing their actions on reason; reason controls desire at all times.
Their view of the world is different from the way that we see the modern society today; they saw the world as a whole, with an unending connection of everything to everything.
A macro cosmos exists, which is the unity of everything. This cosmos consists of the sun, planets, the world and the galaxy. In this colossal macro cosmos, man is a micro cosmos, a part and a reflection of the whole. Aristotle looked at the ethics from the point of view of the Greeks.
Ethics operate in the realm of opinion and meanings, evolving within the limits of human observations. After looking at creatures, he had a belief that all living things have internal goals Ferguson All human beings thus work to achieve their goals.
Happiness results when somebody is successful in achieving his or her lifetime goals. Some of the examples of good that Aristotle gave are honor, good health, pleasure and having friends.
Aristotle pointed out that if humans took the time to question good actions, they would find that all good actions lead to happiness. Thus, man will always associate good things with happiness.The failure to acknowledge the disunity of happiness and morality helms various problems within moral theory, ergo Kant seeks to cast further light on this distinction to prove his proposition that a moral theory based on happiness is the ‘euthanasia of all morals’.
The most important task of ethics is that of truncated, incomplete syllogisms of actions, which they have been in the theories of Aristotle and Kant, to approach to the full,.i.e. to find solutions in which Kant and Aristotle would be complement each other.
Kant is known for his theory that there is a single moral obligation, which he called the “Categorical Imperative”, and is derived from the concept of duty. Kant vs Aristotle Ethics.
STUDY. Complete moral virtue together with complete happiness, the former being the condition of our deserving the latter. Good Will (the only thing good in itself, rational nature) - a settled to determination to do one's duty.
Kant's ethical theory that consequence is irrelevant, intentions and adherence to. Aristotle’s teleological ethics: the reason for being.
Aristotle focused on the peoples actions whether good or bad, as well as their character, not there right or wrong actions. Immanuel Kant () branches of philosophy included contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. The Role of Happiness in Kant’s Ethics ous, joyful feeling associated with living a moral life.
Happiness is simply ing for happiness will not result in finding happiness. For this reason, Kant says that happiness cannot be the moral purpose of .