Article shared by In every institution, two types of organizations exist, namely, formal and informal organizations. Formal Organization is one resulting from planning where the pattern or structure may have already been determined by the top management. Formal organization of groups is created in order to facilitate specific work and achievement of institutional goals. A formal group is a legitimate subset of an institution which is consciously established.
Essay on Formal Organizations Sociology Article shared by Essay on Formal Organizations Sociology — In order to fulfill the basic needs, satisfy the multi-faceted despise and promote the diverse interests of men, a large number of organisations have come into being in the modern complex societies.
These organisations are of two kinds; i the formal organisations, and ii the informal organisations. The modern industrialised, urbanised and civilised societies of the world consist of a large number of formal organisations. Due to the complexity in the growth of societies, the number and size of the formal organisations have increased.
Meaning of Formal Organisation: Characteristics of Formal Organisations: It was Max Weber who for the first time made a sociological analysis of formal organisation. The main characteristics of formal organisations are as follows: Formal Organisation has its own specific function or functions.
A university, for example, has the main function of promoting education. But it may also promote the specific artistic, literary, athletic and other interests of the members.
The principal function of the church is religion. But it may also promote charitable, ethical, athletic, recreational, educational, missionary and other activities. The formal Organisation has its own norms or rules of social behaviour. Certain conduct is appropriate in a university classroom, a factory, an office, a department store, a hospital, a government bureau, a military unit, and so on.
Students and teachers, foremen and workers, vice-presidents and secretaries, managers and clerks, doctors and nurses and similar other members observe norms in their interaction.
Formal Organisation lays down procedure to be followed by the members. Formal organisation Implies Statuses and Division of Labour. Members of an organisation have different statuses.
A bank, for example, may have manager, a public relations officer, a field officer, a cashier, a few clerks, a few peons, and so on. Statuses imply division of labour. The division of labour is characteristic of all organisations, and in a sense, organisation is synonymous with the division of labour.
Organised actions in a formal organisation are possible because of division of labour.
It contributes to the efficiency of the organisation. Division of labour leads to specialisation. The formal organisation creates authority. Where there is no organisation there is no authority, where there is no authority there is no organisaton. Authority is one of the most significant criterions of organisation.
Authority refers to the presence of one or more power centers which control the concerted efforts of the organisation and direct them towards its goals. Bureaucracy refers to the administrative aspect of the formal organisation.
It refers to the arrangement of the organisation designed to carry out its day-to-day business. It is represented by a hierarchy of officials who are assigned different responsibilities and provided with different statuses and roles.
Here, the roles are official roles. The role is enacted according to its corresponding official status. Authority resides with the offices and not with the persons.
He formal organisation is based on rationality.Formal and informal communication structures in the organization In order for order there to be effective communication in the organization there have to be good balance of formal and informal communication in the organization.
Informal and formal communications are different in many ways but both exist in organizations. They both have their advantages and disadvantages [ ]. First we want to know about what the formal organization is and what the informal organization is.
Formal organization is a fixed set of rules of intra- organization procedures and structures. Formal and Informal Communication Formal communication is vertical and follows the authority chain and is limited. Informal communication known as the grapevine is free to move in any direction.
Essay on Formal Organizations (Sociology) – In order to fulfill the basic needs, satisfy the multi-faceted despise and promote the diverse interests of men, a large number of organisations have come into being in the modern complex societies.
These organisations are of two kinds; (i) the formal organisations, and (ii) the informal organisations. Formal and informal communication structures in the organization In order for order there to be effective communication in the organization there have to be good balance of formal and informal communication in the organization.
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