Day 1 Welcome to your first day of school! I wanted to give you one important reminder before you begin. Many of your lessons below have an internet link for you to click on.
It closes by examining literature inspired by Krakatoa, including a letter by Gerard Manley Hopkins, a poem by Alfred Tennyson, and novels by R.
Download this page in PDF format On 27 Augustafter a day of alarming volcanic activity, an obscure, uninhabited island now widely known as Krakatoa or Krakatau  erupted with a force more than ten thousand times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima Thornton 1.
The world quickly took notice. Officials reported the eruption via undersea telegraph cables. People thousands of miles away heard the explosion, and instruments around the world recorded changes in air pressure and sea level.
In the months that followed, newspapers and journals printed vivid accounts of spectacular sunsets caused by fine particles that the volcano spewed into the upper atmosphere and that circled the globe, gradually spreading further north and south. The Royal Societya British academy of scientists, formed a special Krakatoa committee to collect these articles, other eye-witness testimony, and more precise data such as barograph readings of air pressure to analyze the material meticulously and to publish a thorough report of their findings.
Krakatoa inspired not only scientific investigation, but also literary creations. Gerard Manley Hopkins published a letter describing the Krakatoa sunsets in evocative and figurative language. The August eruption was not entirely unexpected, but nearly so.
Krakatoa had erupted violently from May through November Symons 10but had then been dormant for two centuries.
The volcano stirred to life on 20 May with a series of moderate eruptions Symons Locals took note but were not especially alarmed. In fact, the island briefly became a tourist attraction. These visitors may have been foolhardy, but some were quite observant, and later were able to provide valuable data, such as estimates of the size of the crater, the frequency of explosions, and the height of the vapor column.
One took a photograph of the volcano exploding; another collected a pumice sample Symons Residents of the Javan and Sumatran coasts near Krakatoa quickly became alarmed on 26 August when more serious explosions began, some accompanied by tsunamis Thornton The next morning the situation became much more dire.
Four great explosions, the third of which was the strongest, occurred at 5: Krakatoa time Symons The resultant dust cloud immersed in darkness a region extending to Batavia, nearly a hundred miles distant, and to some villages to miles away Symons For those within a radius of 50 miles, the total darkness lasted over two days Thornton The most violent of the explosions, occurring at approximately Whatever its exact height, the wave was incredibly deadly and far-reaching.Monique R.
Morgan is an Associate Professor of English at McGill University, where her research and teaching focus on Romantic and Victorian literature, narrative theory, poetics, and early science fiction. Monique R. Morgan is an Associate Professor of English at McGill University, where her research and teaching focus on Romantic and Victorian literature, narrative theory, poetics, and early science fiction.
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